Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: matplotlib version File versions  Download package

Extensions.hxx

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Copyright (c) 1998 - 2007, The Regents of the University of California
// Produced at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
// All rights reserved.
//
// This file is part of PyCXX. For details,see http://cxx.sourceforge.net/. The
// full copyright notice is contained in the file COPYRIGHT located at the root
// of the PyCXX distribution.
//
// Redistribution  and  use  in  source  and  binary  forms,  with  or  without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
//
//  - Redistributions of  source code must  retain the above  copyright notice,
//    this list of conditions and the disclaimer below.
//  - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
//    this  list of  conditions  and  the  disclaimer (as noted below)  in  the
//    documentation and/or materials provided with the distribution.
//  - Neither the name of the UC/LLNL nor  the names of its contributors may be
//    used to  endorse or  promote products derived from  this software without
//    specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT  HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
// AND ANY EXPRESS OR  IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING,  BUT NOT  LIMITED TO, THE
// IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND  FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE
// ARE  DISCLAIMED.  IN  NO  EVENT  SHALL  THE  REGENTS  OF  THE  UNIVERSITY OF
// CALIFORNIA, THE U.S.  DEPARTMENT  OF  ENERGY OR CONTRIBUTORS BE  LIABLE  FOR
// ANY  DIRECT,  INDIRECT,  INCIDENTAL,  SPECIAL,  EXEMPLARY,  OR CONSEQUENTIAL
// DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT  LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF  SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
// SERVICES; LOSS OF  USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR  BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
// CAUSED  AND  ON  ANY  THEORY  OF  LIABILITY,  WHETHER  IN  CONTRACT,  STRICT
// LIABILITY, OR TORT  (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)  ARISING IN ANY  WAY
// OUT OF THE  USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
// DAMAGE.
//
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

#ifndef __CXX_Extensions__h
#define __CXX_Extensions__h


#ifdef _MSC_VER
// disable warning C4786: symbol greater than 255 character,
// okay to ignore
#pragma warning(disable: 4786)
#endif

#include "CXX/WrapPython.h"
#include "CXX/Version.hxx"
#include "CXX/Config.hxx"
#include "CXX/Objects.hxx"

extern "C"
{
    extern PyObject py_object_initializer;
}

#include <vector>
#include <map>

namespace Py
{
    class ExtensionModuleBase;
    
    // Make an Exception Type for use in raising custom exceptions
    class ExtensionExceptionType : public Object
    {
    public:
        ExtensionExceptionType();
        virtual ~ExtensionExceptionType();

        // call init to create the type
        void init(  ExtensionModuleBase &module, const std::string& name, ExtensionExceptionType &parent );
        void init(  ExtensionModuleBase &module, const std::string& name );
    };

    
    class MethodTable 
    {
    public:
        MethodTable();
        virtual ~MethodTable();
        
        void add(const char* method_name, PyCFunction f, const char* doc="", int flag=1);
        PyMethodDef* table();
        
    protected:
        std::vector<PyMethodDef> t;    // accumulator of PyMethodDef's
        PyMethodDef *mt;        // Actual method table produced when full
        
        static PyMethodDef method (const char* method_name, PyCFunction f, int flags = 1, const char* doc="");
        
    private:
        //
        // prevent the compiler generating these unwanted functions
        //
        MethodTable(const MethodTable& m);    //unimplemented
        void operator=(const MethodTable& m);    //unimplemented
        
    }; // end class MethodTable
    
    extern "C"
    {
        typedef PyObject *(*method_varargs_call_handler_t)( PyObject *_self, PyObject *_args );
        typedef PyObject *(*method_keyword_call_handler_t)( PyObject *_self, PyObject *_args, PyObject *_dict );
    };
    
    template<class T>
    class MethodDefExt : public PyMethodDef
    {
    public:
        typedef Object (T::*method_varargs_function_t)( const Tuple &args );
        typedef Object (T::*method_keyword_function_t)( const Tuple &args, const Dict &kws );
        
        MethodDefExt
        (
        const char *_name,
        method_varargs_function_t _function,
        method_varargs_call_handler_t _handler,
        const char *_doc
        )
        {
            ext_meth_def.ml_name = const_cast<char *>(_name);
            ext_meth_def.ml_meth = _handler;
            ext_meth_def.ml_flags = METH_VARARGS;
            ext_meth_def.ml_doc = const_cast<char *>(_doc);
            
            ext_varargs_function = _function;
            ext_keyword_function = NULL;
        }
        
        MethodDefExt
        (
        const char *_name,
        method_keyword_function_t _function,
        method_keyword_call_handler_t _handler,
        const char *_doc
        )
        {
            ext_meth_def.ml_name = const_cast<char *>(_name);
            ext_meth_def.ml_meth = method_varargs_call_handler_t( _handler );
            ext_meth_def.ml_flags = METH_VARARGS|METH_KEYWORDS;
            ext_meth_def.ml_doc = const_cast<char *>(_doc);
            
            ext_varargs_function = NULL;
            ext_keyword_function = _function;
        }
        
        ~MethodDefExt()
        {}
        
        PyMethodDef ext_meth_def;
        method_varargs_function_t ext_varargs_function;    
        method_keyword_function_t ext_keyword_function;    
    };
    
    class ExtensionModuleBase
    {
    public:
        ExtensionModuleBase( const char *name );
        virtual ~ExtensionModuleBase();
        
        Module module(void) const;        // only valid after initialize() has been called
        Dict moduleDictionary(void) const;    // only valid after initialize() has been called
        
        virtual Object invoke_method_keyword( const std::string &_name, const Tuple &_args, const Dict &_keywords ) = 0;
        virtual Object invoke_method_varargs( const std::string &_name, const Tuple &_args ) = 0;
        
        const std::string &name() const;
        const std::string &fullName() const;
    
    protected:
        // Initialize the module
        void initialize( const char *module_doc );
        
        const std::string module_name;
        const std::string full_module_name;
        MethodTable method_table;
        
    private:
        
        //
        // prevent the compiler generating these unwanted functions
        //
        ExtensionModuleBase( const ExtensionModuleBase & );    //unimplemented
        void operator=( const ExtensionModuleBase & );        //unimplemented
        
    };
    
    extern "C" PyObject *method_keyword_call_handler( PyObject *_self_and_name_tuple, PyObject *_args, PyObject *_keywords );
    extern "C" PyObject *method_varargs_call_handler( PyObject *_self_and_name_tuple, PyObject *_args );
    extern "C" void do_not_dealloc( void * );
    
    
    template<TEMPLATE_TYPENAME T>
    class ExtensionModule : public ExtensionModuleBase
    {
    public:
        ExtensionModule( const char *name )
            : ExtensionModuleBase( name )
        {}
        virtual ~ExtensionModule()
        {}
        
    protected:
        typedef Object (T::*method_varargs_function_t)( const Tuple &args );
        typedef Object (T::*method_keyword_function_t)( const Tuple &args, const Dict &kws );
        typedef std::map<std::string,MethodDefExt<T> *> method_map_t;
        
        static void add_varargs_method( const char *name, method_varargs_function_t function, const char *doc="" )
        {
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            
            MethodDefExt<T> *method_definition = new MethodDefExt<T>
            (
            name,
            function,
            method_varargs_call_handler,
            doc
            );
            
            mm[std::string( name )] = method_definition;
        }
        
        static void add_keyword_method( const char *name, method_keyword_function_t function, const char *doc="" )
        {
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            
            MethodDefExt<T> *method_definition = new MethodDefExt<T>
            (
            name,
            function,
            method_keyword_call_handler,
            doc
            );
            
            mm[std::string( name )] = method_definition;
        }

        void initialize( const char *module_doc="" )
        {
            ExtensionModuleBase::initialize( module_doc );
            Dict dict( moduleDictionary() );
            
            //
            // put each of the methods into the modules dictionary
            // so that we get called back at the function in T.
            //
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            EXPLICIT_TYPENAME method_map_t::iterator i;
            
            for( i=mm.begin(); i != mm.end(); ++i )
            {
                MethodDefExt<T> *method_definition = (*i).second;
                
                static PyObject *self = PyCObject_FromVoidPtr( this, do_not_dealloc );
                
                Tuple args( 2 );
                args[0] = Object( self );
                args[1] = String( (*i).first );
                
                PyObject *func = PyCFunction_New
                (
                &method_definition->ext_meth_def,
                new_reference_to( args )
                );
                
                dict[ (*i).first ] = Object( func );
            }
        }
        
    protected:    // Tom Malcolmson reports that derived classes need access to these
        
        static method_map_t &methods(void)
        {
            static method_map_t *map_of_methods = NULL;
            if( map_of_methods == NULL )
            map_of_methods = new method_map_t;
            
            return *map_of_methods;
        }
        
        
        // this invoke function must be called from within a try catch block
        virtual Object invoke_method_keyword( const std::string &name, const Tuple &args, const Dict &keywords )
        {
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            MethodDefExt<T> *meth_def = mm[ name ];
            if( meth_def == NULL )
            {
                std::string error_msg( "CXX - cannot invoke keyword method named " );
                error_msg += name;
                throw RuntimeError( error_msg );
            }
            
            // cast up to the derived class
            T *self = static_cast<T *>(this);
            
            return (self->*meth_def->ext_keyword_function)( args, keywords );
        }
        
        // this invoke function must be called from within a try catch block
        virtual Object invoke_method_varargs( const std::string &name, const Tuple &args )
        {
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            MethodDefExt<T> *meth_def = mm[ name ];
            if( meth_def == NULL )
            {
                std::string error_msg( "CXX - cannot invoke varargs method named " );
                error_msg += name;
                throw RuntimeError( error_msg );
            }
            
            // cast up to the derived class
            T *self = static_cast<T *>(this);
            
            return (self->*meth_def->ext_varargs_function)( args );
        }
        
    private:
        //
        // prevent the compiler generating these unwanted functions
        //
        ExtensionModule( const ExtensionModule<T> & );    //unimplemented
        void operator=( const ExtensionModule<T> & );    //unimplemented
    };
    
    
    class PythonType
    {
    public:
        // if you define one sequence method you must define 
        // all of them except the assigns
        
        PythonType (size_t base_size, int itemsize, const char *default_name );
        virtual ~PythonType ();
        
        const char *getName () const;
        const char *getDoc () const;

        PyTypeObject* type_object () const;
        PythonType & name (const char* nam);
        PythonType & doc (const char* d);
        PythonType & dealloc(void (*f)(PyObject*));
        
        PythonType & supportPrint(void);
        PythonType & supportGetattr(void);
        PythonType & supportSetattr(void);
        PythonType & supportGetattro(void);
        PythonType & supportSetattro(void);
        PythonType & supportCompare(void);
        PythonType & supportRepr(void);
        PythonType & supportStr(void);
        PythonType & supportHash(void);
        PythonType & supportCall(void);
        PythonType & supportIter(void);
        
        PythonType & supportSequenceType(void);
        PythonType & supportMappingType(void);
        PythonType & supportNumberType(void);
        PythonType & supportBufferType(void);
        
    protected:
        PyTypeObject        *table;
        PySequenceMethods    *sequence_table;
        PyMappingMethods    *mapping_table;
        PyNumberMethods        *number_table;
        PyBufferProcs        *buffer_table;
        
        void init_sequence();
        void init_mapping();
        void init_number();
        void init_buffer();
        
    private:
        //
        // prevent the compiler generating these unwanted functions
        //
        PythonType (const PythonType& tb);    // unimplemented
        void operator=(const PythonType& t);    // unimplemented
        
    }; // end of PythonType
    
    
    
    // Class PythonExtension is what you inherit from to create
    // a new Python extension type. You give your class itself
    // as the template paramter.
    
    // There are two ways that extension objects can get destroyed.
    // 1. Their reference count goes to zero
    // 2. Someone does an explicit delete on a pointer.
    // In (1) the problem is to get the destructor called 
    //        We register a special deallocator in the Python type object
    //        (see behaviors()) to do this.
    // In (2) there is no problem, the dtor gets called.
    
    // PythonExtension does not use the usual Python heap allocator, 
    // instead using new/delete. We do the setting of the type object
    // and reference count, usually done by PyObject_New, in the 
    // base class ctor.
    
    // This special deallocator does a delete on the pointer.
    
    
    class PythonExtensionBase : public PyObject
    {
    public:
        PythonExtensionBase();
        virtual ~PythonExtensionBase();
        
    public:
        virtual int print( FILE *, int );
        virtual Object getattr( const char * ) = 0;
        virtual int setattr( const char *, const Object & );
        virtual Object getattro( const Object & );
        virtual int setattro( const Object &, const Object & );
        virtual int compare( const Object & );
        virtual Object repr();
        virtual Object str();
        virtual long hash();
        virtual Object call( const Object &, const Object & );
                virtual Object iter();
                virtual PyObject* iternext();
        
        // Sequence methods
        virtual int sequence_length();
        virtual Object sequence_concat( const Object & );
        virtual Object sequence_repeat( Py_ssize_t );
        virtual Object sequence_item( Py_ssize_t );
        virtual Object sequence_slice( Py_ssize_t, Py_ssize_t );
        virtual int sequence_ass_item( Py_ssize_t, const Object & );
        virtual int sequence_ass_slice( Py_ssize_t, Py_ssize_t, const Object & );
        
        // Mapping
        virtual int mapping_length();
        virtual Object mapping_subscript( const Object & );
        virtual int mapping_ass_subscript( const Object &, const Object & );
        
        // Number
        virtual int number_nonzero();
        virtual Object number_negative();
        virtual Object number_positive();
        virtual Object number_absolute();
        virtual Object number_invert();
        virtual Object number_int();
        virtual Object number_float();
        virtual Object number_long();
        virtual Object number_oct();
        virtual Object number_hex();
        virtual Object number_add( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_subtract( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_multiply( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_divide( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_remainder( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_divmod( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_lshift( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_rshift( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_and( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_xor( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_or( const Object & );
        virtual Object number_power( const Object &, const Object & );
        
        // Buffer
        virtual Py_ssize_t buffer_getreadbuffer( Py_ssize_t, void** );
        virtual Py_ssize_t buffer_getwritebuffer( Py_ssize_t, void** );
        virtual Py_ssize_t buffer_getsegcount( Py_ssize_t* );
        
    private:
        void missing_method( void );
        static PyObject *method_call_handler( PyObject *self, PyObject *args );
    };
    
    template<TEMPLATE_TYPENAME T>
    class PythonExtension: public PythonExtensionBase 
    {
    public:
        static PyTypeObject* type_object() 
        {
            return behaviors().type_object();
        }
        
        static int check( PyObject *p )
        {
            // is p like me?
            return p->ob_type == type_object();
        }
        
        static int check( const Object& ob )
        {
            return check( ob.ptr());
        }
        
        
        //
        // every object needs getattr implemented
        // to support methods
        //
        virtual Object getattr( const char *name )
        {
            return getattr_methods( name );
        }
        
    protected:
        explicit PythonExtension()
            : PythonExtensionBase()
        {
            #ifdef PyObject_INIT
            (void)PyObject_INIT( this, type_object() );
            #else
            ob_refcnt = 1;
            ob_type = type_object();
            #endif
            
            // every object must support getattr
            behaviors().supportGetattr();
        }
        
        virtual ~PythonExtension()
        {} 
        
        static PythonType &behaviors()
        {
            static PythonType* p;
            if( p == NULL ) 
            {
#if defined( _CPPRTTI ) || defined(__GNUG__)
                const char *default_name = (typeid ( T )).name();
#else
                const char *default_name = "unknown";
#endif
                p = new PythonType( sizeof( T ), 0, default_name );
                p->dealloc( extension_object_deallocator );
            }
            
            return *p;
        }
        
        
        typedef Object (T::*method_varargs_function_t)( const Tuple &args );
        typedef Object (T::*method_keyword_function_t)( const Tuple &args, const Dict &kws );
        typedef std::map<std::string,MethodDefExt<T> *> method_map_t;
        
        // support the default attributes, __name__, __doc__ and methods
        virtual Object getattr_default( const char *_name )
        {
            std::string name( _name );

            if( name == "__name__" && type_object()->tp_name != NULL )
            {
                return Py::String( type_object()->tp_name );
            }
            if( name == "__doc__" && type_object()->tp_doc != NULL )
            {
                return Py::String( type_object()->tp_doc );
            }

// trying to fake out being a class for help()
//            else if( name == "__bases__"  )
//            {
//                return Py::Tuple(0);
//            }
//            else if( name == "__module__"  )
//            {
//                return Py::Nothing();
//            }
//            else if( name == "__dict__"  )
//            {
//                return Py::Dict();
//            }

            return getattr_methods( _name );
        }

        // turn a name into function object
        virtual Object getattr_methods( const char *_name )
        {
            std::string name( _name );
            
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            
            if( name == "__methods__" )
            {
                List methods;
                
                for( EXPLICIT_TYPENAME method_map_t::iterator i = mm.begin(); i != mm.end(); ++i )
                    methods.append( String( (*i).first ) );
                
                return methods;
            }
            
            // see if name exists
            if( mm.find( name ) == mm.end() )
                throw AttributeError( name );
            
            Tuple self( 2 );
            
            self[0] = Object( this );
            self[1] = String( name );
            
            MethodDefExt<T> *method_definition = mm[ name ];
            
            PyObject *func = PyCFunction_New( &method_definition->ext_meth_def, self.ptr() );
            
            return Object(func, true);
        }
        
        static void add_varargs_method( const char *name, method_varargs_function_t function, const char *doc="" )
        {
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            
            MethodDefExt<T> *method_definition = new MethodDefExt<T>
            (
            name,
            function,
            method_varargs_call_handler,
            doc
            );
            
            mm[std::string( name )] = method_definition;
        }
        
        static void add_keyword_method( const char *name, method_keyword_function_t function, const char *doc="" )
        {
            method_map_t &mm = methods();
            
            MethodDefExt<T> *method_definition = new MethodDefExt<T>
            (
            name,
            function,
            method_keyword_call_handler,
            doc
            );
            
            mm[std::string( name )] = method_definition;
        }
        
    private:
        static method_map_t &methods(void)
        {
            static method_map_t *map_of_methods = NULL;
            if( map_of_methods == NULL )
            map_of_methods = new method_map_t;
            
            return *map_of_methods;
        }
        
        static PyObject *method_keyword_call_handler( PyObject *_self_and_name_tuple, PyObject *_args, PyObject *_keywords )
        {
            try
            {
                Tuple self_and_name_tuple( _self_and_name_tuple );
                
                PyObject *self_in_cobject = self_and_name_tuple[0].ptr();
                T *self = static_cast<T *>( self_in_cobject );
                
                String name( self_and_name_tuple[1] );
                
                method_map_t &mm = methods();
                MethodDefExt<T> *meth_def = mm[ name ];
                if( meth_def == NULL )
                    return 0;
                
                Tuple args( _args );

                // _keywords may be NULL so be careful about the way the dict is created
                Dict keywords;
                if( _keywords != NULL )
                    keywords = Dict( _keywords );
                
                Object result( (self->*meth_def->ext_keyword_function)( args, keywords ) );
                
                return new_reference_to( result.ptr() );
            }
            catch( Exception & )
            {
                return 0;
            }
        }
        
        static PyObject *method_varargs_call_handler( PyObject *_self_and_name_tuple, PyObject *_args )
        {
            try
            {
                Tuple self_and_name_tuple( _self_and_name_tuple );
                
                PyObject *self_in_cobject = self_and_name_tuple[0].ptr();
                T *self = static_cast<T *>( self_in_cobject );
                
                String name( self_and_name_tuple[1] );
                
                method_map_t &mm = methods();
                MethodDefExt<T> *meth_def = mm[ name ];
                if( meth_def == NULL )
                    return 0;
                
                Tuple args( _args );
                
                Object result;
                
                // TMM: 7Jun'01 - Adding try & catch in case of STL debug-mode exceptions.
                #ifdef _STLP_DEBUG
                try
                {
                    result = (self->*meth_def->ext_varargs_function)( args );
                }
                catch (std::__stl_debug_exception)
                {
                    // throw cxx::RuntimeError( sErrMsg );
                    throw cxx::RuntimeError( "Error message not set yet." );
                }
                #else
                result = (self->*meth_def->ext_varargs_function)( args );
                #endif // _STLP_DEBUG
                
                return new_reference_to( result.ptr() );
            }
            catch( Exception & )
            {
                return 0;
            }
        }
        
        static void extension_object_deallocator ( PyObject* t )
        {
            delete (T *)( t );
        }
        
        //
        // prevent the compiler generating these unwanted functions
        //
        explicit PythonExtension( const PythonExtension<T>& other );
        void operator=( const PythonExtension<T>& rhs );
    };
    
    //
    // ExtensionObject<T> is an Object that will accept only T's.
    //
    template<TEMPLATE_TYPENAME T>
    class ExtensionObject: public Object
    {
    public:
        
        explicit ExtensionObject ( PyObject *pyob )
            : Object( pyob )
        {
            validate();
        }
        
        ExtensionObject( const ExtensionObject<T>& other )
            : Object( *other )
        {
            validate();
        }
        
        ExtensionObject( const Object& other )
            : Object( *other )
        {
            validate();
        }
        
        ExtensionObject& operator= ( const Object& rhs )
        {
            return (*this = *rhs );
        }
        
        ExtensionObject& operator= ( PyObject* rhsp )
        {
            if( ptr() == rhsp )
            return *this;
            set( rhsp );
            return *this;
        }
        
        virtual bool accepts ( PyObject *pyob ) const
        {
            return ( pyob && T::check( pyob ));
        }       
        
        //
        //    Obtain a pointer to the PythonExtension object
        //
        T *extensionObject(void)
        {
            return static_cast<T *>( ptr() );
        }
    };
    
} // Namespace Py
// End of CXX_Extensions.h
#endif

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index