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ui.py

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005, Enthought, Inc.
# All rights reserved.
#
# This software is provided without warranty under the terms of the BSD
# license included in enthought/LICENSE.txt and may be redistributed only
# under the conditions described in the aforementioned license.  The license
# is also available online at http://www.enthought.com/licenses/BSD.txt
# Thanks for using Enthought open source!
#
# Author: David C. Morrill
# Date: 10/07/2004
#
#  Symbols defined: UI
#
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
""" Defines the UI class used to represent an active traits-based user 
interface.
"""
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Imports:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

import shelve
import os

from types \
    import FunctionType

from enthought.traits.api \
    import Trait, HasPrivateTraits, ReadOnly, DictStrAny, Any, List, Int, \
           TraitError, false, Property, Bool, Event, Callable, Str

from enthought.traits.trait_base \
    import traits_home

from editor \
    import Editor

from view_elements \
    import ViewElements

from handler \
    import ViewHandler

from toolkit \
    import toolkit

from ui_info \
    import UIInfo

from item \
    import Item

from group \
    import Group, ShadowGroup

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Constants:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# List of **kind** types for views that must have a **parent** window specified
kind_must_have_parent = ( 'panel', 'subpanel' )

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Trait definitions:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# ViewElements that a View is associated with
view_elements_trait = Trait( None, ViewElements,
     desc = 'the ViewElements collection this UI resolves Include items from' )

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  'UI' class:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

00077 class UI ( HasPrivateTraits ):
    """ Information about the user interface for a View.
    """
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Trait definitions:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    # The ViewElements object from which this UI resolves Include items
    view_elements = view_elements_trait

    # Context objects that the UI is editing
    context = DictStrAny

    # Handler object used for event handling
    handler = ReadOnly

    # View template used to construct the user interface
    view = ReadOnly

    # Panel or dialog associated with the user interface
    control = Any

    # Toolkit-specific object that "owns" **control**
    owner = Any

    # UIInfo object containing context or editor objects
    info = ReadOnly

    # Result from a modal or wizard dialog:
    result = false

    # Undo and Redo history
    history = Any

    # The unique ID for this UI for persistence
    id = Str

    # Have any modifications been made to UI contents?
    modified = false

    # Event when the user interface has changed
    updated = Event( Bool )

    # Title of the dialog, if any
    title = Str

    # The ImageResource of the icon, if any
    icon = Any

    # Should the created UI have scroll bars?
    scrollable = false

    # The number of currently pending editor error conditions
    errors = Int

    # The code used to rebuild an updated user interface
    rebuild = Callable

    # Private traits:

    # Original context when used with a modal dialog
    _context = DictStrAny

    # Copy of original context used for reverting changes
    _revert = DictStrAny

    # List of methods to call once the user interface is created
    _defined = List

    # List of (visible_when,Editor) pairs
    _visible = List

    # List of (enabled_when,Editor) pairs
    _enabled = List

    # List of (checked_when,Editor) pairs
    _checked = List

    # Search stack used while building a user interface
    _search = List

    # List of dispatchable Handler methods
    _dispatchers = List

    # List of editors used to build the user interface
    _editors = List

    # List of names bound to the **info** object
    _names = List

    # Index of currently the active group in the user interface
    _active_group = Int

    # List of top-level groups used to build the user interface
    _groups = Property

    # Count of levels of nesting for undoable actions
    _undoable = Int( -1 )

    # Code used to rebuild an updated user interface
    _rebuild = Callable

    # Does the UI contain any scrollable widgets?
    #
    # The _scrollable trait is set correctly, but not used currently because
    # its value is arrived at too late to be of use in building the UI.
    _scrollable = false

    # List of traits that are thrown away when a user interface is disposed.
    disposable_traits = [
        'control', '_context', '_revert', '_defined', '_visible', '_enabled',
        '_checked', '_search', '_dispatchers', '_editors', '_names',
        '_active_group', '_groups', '_undoable'
    ]

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Initializes the object:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00196     def __init__ ( self, **traits ):
        """ Initializes the object.
        """
        super( UI, self ).__init__( **traits )
        self.info = UIInfo( ui = self )
        self.handler.init_info( self.info )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Creates a user interface from the associated View template object:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00207     def ui ( self, parent, kind ):
        """ Creates a user interface from the associated View template object.
        """
        if (parent is None) and (kind in kind_must_have_parent):
            kind = 'live'
        self.rebuild = getattr( toolkit(), 'ui_' + kind )
        self.rebuild( self, parent )
        self.view.on_trait_change( self._updated_changed, 'updated',
                                   dispatch = 'ui' )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Disposes of the contents of a user interface:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00221     def dispose ( self, result = None, abort = False ):
        """ Disposes of the contents of a user interface.
        """
        # Save the user preference information for the user interface:
        if not abort:
            toolkit().save_window( self )

        # Finish disposing of the user interface:
        self.finish( result )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Finishes a user interface:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00235     def finish ( self, result = None ):
        """ Finishes disposing of a user interface.
        """
        if result is not None:
            self.result = result

        self.reset()
        self.control._object = None
        self.control.Destroy()
        self.__groups = None

        dict = self.__dict__
        for name in self.disposable_traits:
            if name in dict:
                del dict[ name ]

        self.handler.closed( self.info, self.result )

        # Break the circular reference so objects can be garbage collected:
        self.info.ui = None

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Resets the contents of the user interface:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00260     def reset ( self ):
        """ Resets the contents of a user interface.
        """
        for editor in self._editors:
            if editor._ui is not None:
                # Propagate result to enclosed ui objects.
                editor._ui.result = self.result
            editor.dispose()

        self.control.DestroyChildren()

        for dispatcher in self._dispatchers:
            dispatcher.remove()

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Find the definition of the specified Include object in the current user
    #  interface building context:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00279     def find ( self, include ):
        """ Finds the definition of the specified Include object in the current
            user interface building context.
        """
        # Try to use our ViewElements objects:
        ve = self.view_elements

        # If none specified, try to get it from the UI context:
        if ve is None:
            if len( self.context ) == 1:
                obj = self.context.values()[0]
            elif 'object' in self.context:
                obj = self.context[ 'object' ]
            else:
                # Couldn't find a context object to use, so give up:
                return None

            # Otherwise, use the context object's ViewElements:
            ve = obj.trait_view_elements()

        # Ask the ViewElements to find the requested item for us:
        return ve.find( include.id, self._search )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Returns the current search stack level:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00306     def push_level ( self ):
        """ Returns the current search stack level.
        """
        return len( self._search )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Restores a previously pushed search stack level:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00315     def pop_level ( self, level ):
        """ Restores a previously pushed search stack level.
        """
        del self._search[ : len( self._search ) - level ]

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Performs all post user interface creation processing:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00324     def prepare_ui ( self ):
        """ Performs all processing that occurs after the user interface is 
        created.
        """
        # Invoke all of the editor 'name_defined' methods we've accumulated:
        info = self.info
        for method in self._defined:
            method( info )

        # Then reset the list, since we don't need it anymore:
        del self._defined[:]

        # Hook all events if the handler is an extended 'ViewHandler':
        handler = self.handler
        if isinstance( handler, ViewHandler ):
            toolkit().hook_events( self, self.control )

        # Invoke the handler's 'init' method, and abort if it indicates failure:
        if handler.init( info ) == False:
            raise TraitError, 'User interface creation aborted'

        # For each Handler method whose name is of the form
        # 'object_name_changed', where 'object' is the name of an object in the
        # UI's 'context', create a trait notification handler that will call
        # the method whenever 'object's 'name' trait changes. Also invoke the
        # method immediately so initial user interface state can be correctly
        # set:
        context = self.context
        for name in self._each_trait_method( handler ):
            if name[-8:] == '_changed':
                prefix = name[:-8]
                col    = prefix.find( '_', 1 )
                if col >= 0:
                    object = context.get( prefix[ : col ] )
                    if object is not None:
                        method     = getattr( handler, name )
                        trait_name = prefix[ col + 1: ]
                        self._dispatchers.append( Dispatcher(
                             method, info, object, trait_name ) )
                        if object.base_trait( trait_name ).type != 'event':
                            method( info )

        # If there are any Editor object's whose 'visible', 'enabled' or
        # 'checked' state is controlled by a 'visible_when', 'enabled_when' or
        # 'checked_when' expression, set up an 'anytrait' changed notification
        # handler on each object in the 'context' that will cause the 'visible',
        # 'enabled' or 'checked' state of each affected Editor to be set. Also
        # trigger the evaluation immediately, so the visible, enabled or checked
        # state of each Editor can be correctly initialized:
        if (len( self._visible ) +
            len( self._enabled ) +
            len( self._checked )) > 0:
            for object in context.values():
                object.on_trait_change( self._evaluate_when, dispatch = 'ui' )
            self._evaluate_when()

        # Indicate that the user interface has been initialized:
        info.initialized = True

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Restores any saved user preference information associated with the UI:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00387     def restore_prefs ( self ):
        """ Retrieves and restores any saved user preference information 
        associated with the UI.
        """
        id = self.id
        if id != '':
            db = self.get_ui_db()
            if db is not None:
                try:
                    ui_prefs = db.get( id )
                    db.close()
                    return self.set_prefs( ui_prefs )
                except:
                    pass

        return None

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Restores user preference information for the UI:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00408     def set_prefs ( self, prefs ):
        """ Sets the values of user preferences for the UI.
        """
        if isinstance( prefs, dict ):
            info = self.info
            for name in self._names:
                editor = getattr( info, name, None )
                if isinstance( editor, Editor ):
                   editor_prefs = prefs.get( name )
                   if editor_prefs != None:
                       editor.restore_prefs( editor_prefs )

            return prefs.get( '' )

        return None

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Saves any user preference information associated with the UI:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00428     def save_prefs ( self, prefs = None ):
        """ Saves any user preference information associated with the UI.
        """
        id = self.id
        if id != '':
            db = self.get_ui_db( mode = 'c' )
            if db is not None:
                db[ id ] = self.get_prefs( prefs )
                db.close()

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Gets the preferences to be saved for the user interface:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00442     def get_prefs ( self, prefs = None ):
        """ Gets the preferences to be saved for the user interface.
        """
        ui_prefs = {}
        if prefs is not None:
            ui_prefs[''] = prefs

        info = self.info
        for name in self._names:
            editor = getattr( info, name, None )
            if isinstance( editor, Editor ):
                prefs = editor.save_prefs()
                if prefs != None:
                    ui_prefs[ name ] = prefs

        return ui_prefs

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Gets a reference to the traits UI preference database:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00463     def get_ui_db ( self, mode = 'r' ):
        """ Returns a reference to the Traits UI preference database.
        """
        try:
            return shelve.open( os.path.join( traits_home(), 'traits_ui' ),
                                flag = mode, protocol = -1 )
        except:
            return None

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Adds a Handler method to the list of methods to be called once the user
    #  interface has been constructed:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00477     def add_defined ( self, method ):
        """ Adds a Handler method to the list of methods to be called once the
            user interface has been constructed.
        """
        self._defined.append( method )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Add's a conditionally enabled Editor object to the list of monitored
    #  'visible_when' objects:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00488     def add_visible ( self, visible_when, editor ):
        """ Adds a conditionally enabled Editor object to the list of monitored
            'visible_when' objects.
        """
        try:
            self._visible.append( ( compile( visible_when, '<string>', 'eval' ),
                                    editor ) )
        except:
            pass
            # fixme: Log an error here...

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Add's a conditionally enabled Editor object to the list of monitored
    #  'enabled_when' objects:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00504     def add_enabled ( self, enabled_when, editor ):
        """ Adds a conditionally enabled Editor object to the list of monitored
            'enabled_when' objects.
        """
        try:
            self._enabled.append( ( compile( enabled_when, '<string>', 'eval' ),
                                    editor ) )
        except:
            pass
            # fixme: Log an error here...

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Add's a conditionally checked (menu/toolbar) Editor object to the list of
    #  monitored 'checked_when' objects:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00520     def add_checked ( self, checked_when, editor ):
        """ Adds a conditionally enabled (menu) Editor object to the list of
            monitored 'checked_when' objects.
        """
        try:
            self._checked.append( ( compile( checked_when, '<string>', 'eval' ),
                                    editor ) )
        except:
            pass
            # fixme: Log an error here...

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Performs an 'undoable' action:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00535     def do_undoable ( self, action, *args, **kw ):
        """ Performs an action that can be undone.
        """
        undoable = self._undoable
        try:
            if (undoable == -1) and (self.history is not None):
                self._undoable = self.history.now
            action( *args, **kw )
        finally:
            if undoable == -1:
                self._undoable = -1

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Routes a 'hooked' event to the correct handler method:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00551     def route_event ( self, event ):
        """ Routes a "hooked" event to the correct handler method.
        """
        toolkit().route_event( self, event )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Evaluates a specified function in the UI's context:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00560     def evaluate ( self, function, *args, **kw_args ):
        """ Evaluates a specified function in the UI's **context**.
        """
        if function is None:
            return None

        if callable( function ):
            return function( *args, **kw_args )

        context = self.context.copy()
        context[ 'ui' ]      = self
        context[ 'handler' ] = self.handler
        return eval( function, globals(), context )( *args, **kw_args )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Evaluates an expression in the UI's 'context' and returns the result:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00578     def eval_when ( self, when, result = True ):
        """ Evaluates an expression in the UI's **context** and returns the
            result.
        """
        context = self._get_context( self.context )
        try:
            result = eval( when, globals(), context )
        except:
            # fixme: Should the exception be logged somewhere?
            pass
        del context[ 'ui' ]
        return result

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Gets the context to use for evaluating an expression:  
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                
00595     def _get_context ( self, context ):
        """ Gets the context to use for evaluating an expression.
        """
        name = 'object'
        n    = len( context )
        if (n == 2) and ('handler' in context):
            for name, value in context.items():
                if name != 'handler':
                    break
        elif n == 1:
            name = context.keys()[0]
        value = context.get( name )
        if value is not None:
            context2 = value.get()
            context2.update( context )
        else:
            context2 = context.copy()
            
        context2['ui'] = self
        
        return context2
        
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Sets the 'visible', 'enabled' and/or 'checked' state for all Editors 
    #  controlled by a 'visible_when', 'enabled_when' or 'checked_when' 
    #  expression:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00623     def _evaluate_when ( self ):
        """ Sets the 'visible', 'enabled', and 'checked' states for all Editors 
            controlled by a 'visible_when', 'enabled_when' or 'checked_when'
            expression.
        """
        self._evaluate_condition( self._visible, 'visible' )
        self._evaluate_condition( self._enabled, 'enabled' )
        self._evaluate_condition( self._checked, 'checked' )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Evaluates a list of ( eval, editor ) pairs and sets a specified trait on
    #  each editor to reflect the boolean truth of the expression evaluated:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00637     def _evaluate_condition ( self, conditions, trait ):
        """ Evaluates a list of (eval,editor) pairs and sets a specified trait
        on each editor to reflect the Boolean value of the expression.
        """
        context = self._get_context( self.context )
        for when, editor in conditions:
            value = True
            try:
                if not eval( when, globals(), context ):
                    value = False
            except:
                # fixme: Should the exception be logged somewhere?
                pass
            setattr( editor, trait, value )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Implementation of the '_groups' property:
    #  (Returns the top-level Groups for the view (after resolving Includes))
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

00657     def _get__groups ( self ):
        """ Returns the top-level Groups for the view (after resolving 
        Includes. (Implements the **_groups** property.)
        """
        if self.__groups is None:
            shadow_group  = self.view.content.get_shadow( self )
            self.__groups = shadow_group.get_content()
            for item in self.__groups:
                if isinstance( item, Item ):
                    self.__groups = [ ShadowGroup(
                                          shadow  = Group( *self.__groups ),
                                          content = self.__groups,
                                          groups  = 1 ) ]
                    break
        return self.__groups

#-- Event handlers -------------------------------------------------------------

    def _updated_changed ( self ):
        if self.rebuild is not None:
            toolkit().rebuild_ui( self )

    def _title_changed ( self ):
        if self.control is not None:
            toolkit().set_title( self )

    def _icon_changed ( self ):
        if self.control is not None:
            toolkit().set_icon( self )

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  'Dispatcher' class:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class Dispatcher ( object ):

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Initializes the object:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def __init__ ( self, method, info, object, method_name ):
        """ Initializes the object.
        """
        self.method      = method
        self.info        = info
        self.object      = object
        self.method_name = method_name
        object.on_trait_change( self.dispatch, method_name, dispatch = 'ui' )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Dispatches the method:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def dispatch ( self ):
        """ Dispatches the method.
        """
        self.method( self.info )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Remove the dispatcher:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def remove ( self ):
        """ Removes the dispatcher.
        """
        self.object.on_trait_change( self.dispatch, self.method_name,
                                     remove = True )


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