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menu.py

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005, Enthought, Inc.
# All rights reserved.
#
# This software is provided without warranty under the terms of the BSD
# license included in enthought/LICENSE.txt and may be redistributed only
# under the conditions described in the aforementioned license.  The license
# is also available online at http://www.enthought.com/licenses/BSD.txt
# Thanks for using Enthought open source!
#
# Author: David C. Morrill
# Date: 02/02/2004
# Description: Dynamically construct Tkinter Menus or MenuBars from a supplied
#              string string description of the menu.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
#  Menu Description Syntax:
#
#     submenu_label {help_string}
#        menuitem_label | accelerator {help_string} [~/-name]: code
#        -
#
#  where:
#     submenu_label  = Label of a sub menu
#     menuitem_label = Label of a menu item
#     help_string    = Help string to display on the status line (optional)
#     accelerator    = Accelerator key (e.g. Ctrl-C) (| and key are optional)
#     [~]            = Menu item checkable, but not checked initially (optional)
#     [/]            = Menu item checkable, and checked initially (optional)
#     [-]            = Menu item disabled initially (optional)
#     [name]         = Symbolic name used to refer to menu item (optional)
#     code           = Python code invoked when menu item is selected
#
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Imports:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

import wx
import re
import string

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Constants:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

help_pat    = re.compile( r'(.*){(.*)}(.*)' )
options_pat = re.compile( r'(.*)\[(.*)\](.*)' )

key_map = {
    'F1':  wx.WXK_F1,
    'F2':  wx.WXK_F2,
    'F3':  wx.WXK_F3,
    'F4':  wx.WXK_F4,
    'F5':  wx.WXK_F5,
    'F6':  wx.WXK_F6,
    'F7':  wx.WXK_F7,
    'F8':  wx.WXK_F8,
    'F9':  wx.WXK_F9,
    'F10': wx.WXK_F10,
    'F11': wx.WXK_F11,
    'F12': wx.WXK_F12
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  'MakeMenu' class:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class MakeMenu:

    # Initialize the globally unique menu ID:
    cur_id = 1000

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Initializes the object:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def __init__ ( self, desc, owner, popup = False, window = None ):
        """ Initializes the object.
        """
        self.owner = owner
        if window is None:
            window = owner
        self.window   = window
        self.indirect = getattr( owner, 'call_menu', None )
        self.names    = {}
        self.desc     = desc.split( '\n' )
        self.index    = 0
        self.keys     = []
        if popup:
            self.menu = menu = wx.Menu()
            self.parse( menu, -1 )
        else:
            self.menu = menu = wx.MenuBar()
            self.parse( menu, -1 )
            window.SetMenuBar( menu )
            if len( self.keys ) > 0:
                 window.SetAcceleratorTable( wx.AcceleratorTable( self.keys ) )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Recursively parses menu items from the description:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def parse ( self, menu, indent ):
        """ Recursively parses menu items from the description.
        """

        while True:

            # Make sure we have not reached the end of the menu description yet:
            if self.index >= len( self.desc ):
                return

            # Get the next menu description line and check its indentation:
            dline    = self.desc[ self.index ]
            line     = dline.lstrip()
            indented = len( dline ) - len( line )
            if indented <= indent:
                return

            # Indicate that the current line has been processed:
            self.index += 1

            # Check for a blank or comment line:
            if (line == '') or (line[0:1] == '#'):
                continue

            # Check for a menu separator:
            if line[0:1] == '-':
                menu.AppendSeparator()
                continue

            # Allocate a new menu ID:
            MakeMenu.cur_id += 1
            cur_id = MakeMenu.cur_id

            # Extract the help string (if any):
            help  = ''
            match = help_pat.search( line )
            if match:
                help = ' ' + match.group(2).strip()
                line = match.group(1) + match.group(3)

            # Check for a menu item:
            col = line.find( ':' )
            if col >= 0:
                handler = line[ col + 1: ].strip()
                if handler != '':
                    if self.indirect:
                        self.indirect( cur_id, handler )
                        handler = self.indirect
                    else:
                        try:
                            exec ('def handler(event,self=self.owner):\n %s\n' %
                                  handler)
                        except:
                            handler = null_handler
                else:
                    try:
                        exec 'def handler(event,self=self.owner):\n%s\n' % (
                            self.get_body( indented ), ) in globals()
                    except:
                        handler = null_handler
                wx.EVT_MENU( self.window, cur_id, handler )
                not_checked = checked = disabled = False
                line        = line[ : col ]
                match       = options_pat.search( line )
                if match:
                    line = match.group(1) + match.group(3)
                    not_checked, checked, disabled, name = option_check( '~/-',
                              match.group(2).strip() )
                    if name != '':
                        self.names[ name ] = cur_id
                        setattr( self.owner, name, MakeMenuItem( self, cur_id ) )
                label = line.strip()
                col   = label.find( '|' )
                if col >= 0:
                    key   = label[ col + 1: ].strip()
                    label = '%s%s%s' % ( label[ : col ].strip(), '\t', key )
                    key   = key.upper()
                    flag  = wx.ACCEL_NORMAL
                    col   = key.find( '-' )
                    if col >= 0:
                        flag = { 'CTRL':  wx.ACCEL_CTRL,
                                 'SHIFT': wx.ACCEL_SHIFT,
                                 'ALT':   wx.ACCEL_ALT
                                 }.get( key[ : col ].strip(), wx.ACCEL_CTRL )
                        key  = key[ col + 1: ].strip()
                    code = key_map.get( key, None )
                    try:
                        if code is None:
                            code = ord( key )
                        self.keys.append(
                            wx.AcceleratorEntry( flag, code, cur_id ) )
                    except:
                        pass
                menu.Append( cur_id, label, help, not_checked or checked )
                if checked:
                    menu.Check( cur_id, True )
                if disabled:
                    menu.Enable( cur_id, False )
                continue

            # Else must be the start of a sub menu:
            submenu = wx.Menu()
            label   = line.strip()

            # Recursively parse the sub-menu:
            self.parse( submenu, indented )

            # Add the menu to its parent:
            try:
                menu.AppendMenu( cur_id, label, submenu, help )
            except:
                # Handle the case where 'menu' is really a 'MenuBar' (which does
                # not understand 'MenuAppend'):
                menu.Append( submenu, label )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Returns the body of an inline method:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def get_body ( self, indent ):
        """ Returns the body of an inline method.
        """
        result = []
        while self.index < len( self.desc ):
            line = self.desc[ self.index ]
            if (len( line ) - len( line.lstrip() )) <= indent:
                break
            result.append( line )
            self.index += 1
        result = '\n'.join( result ).rstrip()
        if result != '':
            return result
        return '  pass'

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Returns the id associated with a specified name:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def get_id ( self, name ):
        """ Returns the id associated with a specified name.
        """
        if isinstance(name, basestring):
            return self.names[ name ]
        return name

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Checks (or unchecks) a menu item specified by name:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def checked ( self, name, check = None ):
        """ Checks (or unchecks) a menu item specified by name.
        """
        if check is None:
            return self.menu.IsChecked( self.get_id( name ) )
        self.menu.Check( self.get_id( name ), check )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Enables (or disables) a menu item specified by name:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def enabled ( self, name, enable = None ):
        """ Enables (or disables) a menu item specified by name.
        """
        if enable is None:
            return self.menu.IsEnabled( self.get_id( name ) )
        self.menu.Enable( self.get_id( name ), enable )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    #  Gets/Sets the label for a menu item:
    #---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    def label ( self, name, label = None ):
        """ Gets/Sets the label for a menu item.
        """
        if label is None:
            return self.menu.GetLabel( self.get_id( name ) )
        self.menu.SetLabel( self.get_id( name ), label )

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  'MakeMenuItem' class:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class MakeMenuItem:

    def __init__ ( self, menu, id ):
        self.menu = menu
        self.id   = id

    def checked ( self, check = None ):
        return self.menu.checked( self.id, check )

    def toggle ( self ):
        checked = not self.checked()
        self.checked( checked )
        return checked

    def enabled ( self, enable = None ):
        return self.menu.enabled( self.id, enable )

    def label ( self, label = None ):
        return self.menu.label( self.id, label )

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Determine whether a string contains any specified option characters, and
#  remove them if it does:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

def option_check ( test, string ):
    result = []
    for char in test:
        col = string.find( char )
        result.append( col >= 0 )
        if col >= 0:
            string = string[ : col ] + string[ col + 1: ]
    return result + [ string.strip() ]

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Null menu option selection handler:
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

def null_handler ( event ):
    print 'null_handler invoked'


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