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tconfig.py

00001 """Mix of Traits and ConfigObj.

Provides:

- Coupling a Traits object to a ConfigObj one, so that changes to the Traited
  instance propagate back into the ConfigObj.

- A declarative interface for describing configurations that automatically maps
  to valid ConfigObj representations.

- From these descriptions, valid .conf files can be auto-generated, with class
  docstrings and traits information used for initial auto-documentation.

- Hierarchical inclusion of files, so that a base config can be overridden only
  in specific spots.

- Automatic GUI editing of configuration objects.


Notes:

The file creation policy is:

1. Creating a TConfigManager(FooConfig,'missingfile.conf')  will work
fine, and 'missingfile.conf' will be created empty.

2. Creating TConfigManager(FooConfig,'OKfile.conf') where OKfile.conf has

include = 'missingfile.conf'

conks out with IOError.

My rationale is that creating top-level empty files is a common and
reasonable need, but that having invalid include statements should
raise an error right away, so people know immediately that their files
have gone stale.


TODO:

  - Turn the currently interactive tests into proper doc/unit tests.  Complete
    docstrings. 

  - Write the real ipython1 config system using this.  That one is more
  complicated than either the MPL one or the fake 'ipythontest' that I wrote
  here, and it requires solving the issue of declaring references to other
  objects inside the config files.

  - [Low priority] Write a custom TraitsUI view so that hierarchical
  configurations provide nicer interactive editing.  The automatic system is
  remarkably good, but for very complex configurations having a nicely
  organized view would be nice.
"""

__license__ = 'BSD'

############################################################################
# Stdlib imports
############################################################################
from cStringIO import StringIO
from inspect import isclass

import os
import textwrap

############################################################################
# External imports
############################################################################
from enthought.traits import api as T

# For now we ship this internally so users don't have to download it, since
# it's just a single-file dependency.
import configobj

############################################################################
# Utility functions
############################################################################

00079 def get_split_ind(seq, N):
   """seq is a list of words.  Return the index into seq such that
   len(' '.join(seq[:ind])<=N
   """

   sLen = 0
   # todo: use Alex's xrange pattern from the cbook for efficiency
   for (word, ind) in zip(seq, range(len(seq))):
      sLen += len(word) + 1  # +1 to account for the len(' ')
      if sLen>=N: return ind
   return len(seq)

def wrap(prefix, text, cols, max_lines=6):
    'wrap text with prefix at length cols'
    pad = ' '*len(prefix.expandtabs())
    available = cols - len(pad)

    seq = text.split(' ')
    Nseq = len(seq)
    ind = 0
    lines = []
    while ind<Nseq:
        lastInd = ind
        ind += get_split_ind(seq[ind:], available)
        lines.append(seq[lastInd:ind])

    num_lines = len(lines)
    abbr_end = max_lines // 2
    abbr_start = max_lines - abbr_end
    lines_skipped = False
    for i in range(num_lines):
        if i == 0:
            # add the prefix to the first line, pad with spaces otherwise
            ret = prefix + ' '.join(lines[i]) + '\n'
        elif i < abbr_start or i > num_lines-abbr_end-1:
            ret += pad + ' '.join(lines[i]) + '\n'
        else:
            if not lines_skipped:
                lines_skipped = True
                ret += ' <...snipped %d lines...> \n' % (num_lines-max_lines)
#    for line in lines[1:]:
#        ret += pad + ' '.join(line) + '\n'
    return ret[:-1]

00123 def dedent(txt):
    """A modified version of textwrap.dedent, specialized for docstrings.

    This version doesn't get confused by the first line of text having
    inconsistent indentation from the rest, which happens a lot in docstrings.

    :Examples:

        >>> s = '''
        ... First line.
        ... More...
        ... End'''

        >>> print dedent(s)
        First line.
        More...
        End

        >>> s = '''First line
        ... More...
        ... End'''

        >>> print dedent(s)
        First line
        More...
        End
    """
    out = [textwrap.dedent(t) for t in txt.split('\n',1)
           if t and not t.isspace()]
    return '\n'.join(out)


00155 def comment(strng,indent=''):
    """return an input string, commented out"""
    template = indent + '# %s'
    lines = [template % s for s in strng.splitlines(True)]
    return ''.join(lines)


00162 def configObj2Str(cobj):
    """Dump a Configobj instance to a string."""
    outstr = StringIO()
    cobj.write(outstr)
    return outstr.getvalue()

00168 def getConfigFilename(conf):
    """Find the filename attribute of a ConfigObj given a sub-section object.
    """
    depth = conf.depth
    for d in range(depth):
        conf = conf.parent
    return conf.filename

00176 def tconf2File(tconf,fname,force=False):
    """Write a TConfig instance to a given filename.

    :Keywords:

      force : bool (False)
        If true, force writing even if the file exists.
      """
    
    if os.path.isfile(fname) and not force:
        raise IOError("File %s already exists, use force=True to overwrite" %
                      fname)

    txt = repr(tconf)

    fobj = open(fname,'w')
    fobj.write(txt)
    fobj.close()

00195 def filter_scalars(sc):
    """ input sc MUST be sorted!!!"""
    scalars = []
    maxi = len(sc)-1
    i = 0
    while i<len(sc):
        t = sc[i]
        if t.startswith('_tconf_'):
            # Skip altogether private _tconf_ attributes, so we actually issue
            # a 'continue' call to avoid the append(t) below
            i += 1
            continue
        if i<maxi and t+'_' == sc[i+1]:
            # skip one ahead in the loop, to skip over the names of shadow
            # traits, which we don't want to expose in the config files.
            i += 1
        scalars.append(t)
        i += 1

    return scalars


00217 def get_scalars(obj):
    """Return scalars for a TConf class object"""

    skip = set(['trait_added','trait_modified'])
    sc = [k for k in obj.trait_names() if k not in skip]
    sc.sort()
    return filter_scalars(sc)


00226 def get_sections(obj,sectionClass):
    """Return sections for a TConf class object"""
    return [(n,v) for (n,v) in obj.__dict__.iteritems()
            if isclass(v) and issubclass(v,sectionClass)]


00232 def get_instance_sections(inst):
    """Return sections for a TConf instance"""
    sections = [(k,v) for k,v in inst.__dict__.iteritems()
                if isinstance(v,TConfig) and not k=='_tconf_parent']
    # Sort the sections by name
    sections.sort(key=lambda x:x[0])
    return sections


00241 def partition_instance(obj):
    """Return scalars,sections for a given TConf instance.
    """
    scnames = []
    sections = []
    for k,v in obj.__dict__.iteritems():
        if isinstance(v,TConfig):
            if not k=='_tconf_parent':
                sections.append((k,v))
        else:
            scnames.append(k)

    # Sort the sections by name
    sections.sort(key=lambda x:x[0])

    # Sort the scalar names, filter them and then extract the actual objects
    scnames.sort()
    scnames = filter_scalars(scnames)
    scalars = [(s,obj.__dict__[s]) for s in scnames]
    
    return scalars, sections


00264 def mkConfigObj(filename,makeMissingFile=True):
    """Return a ConfigObj instance with our hardcoded conventions.

    Use a simple factory that wraps our option choices for using ConfigObj.
    I'm hard-wiring certain choices here, so we'll always use instances with
    THESE choices.

    :Parameters:

      filename : string
        File to read from.

    :Keywords:
      makeMissingFile : bool (True)
        If true, the file named by `filename` may not yet exist and it will be
        automatically created (empty).  Else, if `filename` doesn't exist, an
        IOError will be raised.
    """

    if makeMissingFile:
        create_empty = True
        file_error = False
    else:
        create_empty = False
        file_error = True
        
    return configobj.ConfigObj(filename,
                               create_empty=create_empty,
                               file_error=file_error,
                               indent_type='    ',
                               interpolation='Template',
                               unrepr=True)

nullConf = mkConfigObj(None)


00300 class RecursiveConfigObj(object):
    """Object-oriented interface for recursive ConfigObj constructions."""

00303     def __init__(self,filename):
        """Return a ConfigObj instance with our hardcoded conventions.

        Use a simple factory that wraps our option choices for using ConfigObj.
        I'm hard-wiring certain choices here, so we'll always use instances with
        THESE choices.

        :Parameters:

          filename : string
            File to read from.
        """

        self.comp = []
        self.conf = self._load(filename)

    def _load(self,filename,makeMissingFile=True):
        conf = mkConfigObj(filename,makeMissingFile)

        # Do recursive loading. We only allow (or at least honor) the include
        # tag at the top-level.  For now, we drop the inclusion information so
        # that there are no restrictions on which levels of the TConfig
        # hierarchy can use include statements.  But this means that

        # if bookkeeping of each separate component of the recursive
        # construction was requested, make a separate object for storage
        # there, since we don't want that to be modified by the inclusion
        # process.
        self.comp.append(mkConfigObj(filename,makeMissingFile))

        incfname = conf.pop('include',None)
        if incfname is not None:
            # Do recursive load.  We don't want user includes that point to
            # missing files to fail silently, so in the recursion we disable
            # auto-creation of missing files.
            confinc = self._load(incfname,makeMissingFile=False)

            # Update with self to get proper ordering (included files provide
            # base data, current one overwrites)
            confinc.update(conf)
            # And do swap to return the updated structure
            conf = confinc
            # Set the filename to be the original file instead of the included
            # one
            conf.filename = filename
        return conf
        
############################################################################
# Main TConfig class and supporting exceptions
############################################################################

class TConfigError(Exception): pass

class TConfigInvalidKeyError(TConfigError): pass

00358 class TConfig(T.HasStrictTraits):
    """A class representing configuration objects.

    Note: this class should NOT have any traits itself, since the actual traits
    will be declared by subclasses.  This class is meant to ONLY declare the
    necessary initialization/validation methods.  """

    # Any traits declared here are prefixed with _tconf_ so that our special
    # formatting/analysis utilities can distinguish them from user traits and
    # can avoid them.
    
    # Once created, the tree's hierarchy can NOT be modified
    _tconf_parent = T.ReadOnly

00372     def __init__(self,config=None,parent=None,monitor=None):
        """Makes a Traited config object out of a ConfigObj instance
        """

        if config is None:
            config = mkConfigObj(None)

        # Validate the set of scalars ...
        my_scalars = set(get_scalars(self))
        cf_scalars = set(config.scalars)
        invalid_scalars = cf_scalars - my_scalars
        if invalid_scalars:
            config_fname = getConfigFilename(config)
            m=("In config defined in file: %r\n"
               "Error processing section: %s\n"
               "These keys are invalid : %s\n"
               "Valid key names        : %s\n"
               % (config_fname,self.__class__.__name__,
                  list(invalid_scalars),list(my_scalars)))
            raise TConfigInvalidKeyError(m)

        # ... and sections
        section_items = get_sections(self.__class__,TConfig)
        my_sections = set([n for n,v in section_items])
        cf_sections = set(config.sections)
        invalid_sections = cf_sections - my_sections
        if invalid_sections:
            config_fname = getConfigFilename(config)
            m=("In config defined in file: %r\n"
               "Error processing section: %s\n"
               "These subsections are invalid : %s\n"
               "Valid subsection names        : %s\n"
               % (config_fname,self.__class__.__name__,
                  list(invalid_sections),list(my_sections)))
            raise TConfigInvalidKeyError(m)

        self._tconf_parent = parent

        # Now set the traits based on the config
        try:
            for k in my_scalars:
                try:
                    setattr(self,k,config[k])
                except KeyError:
                    # This seems silly, but it forces some of Trait's magic to
                    # fire and actually set the value on the instance in such a
                    # way that it will later be properly read by introspection
                    # tools. 
                    getattr(self,k)
                scal = getattr(self,k)
        except T.TraitError,e:
            t = self.__class_traits__[k]
            msg = "Bad key,value pair given: %s -> %s\n" % (k,config[k])
            msg += "Expected type: %s" % t.handler.info()
            raise TConfigError(msg)            

        # And build subsections
        for s,v in section_items:
            sec_config = config.setdefault(s,{})
            section = v(sec_config,self,monitor=monitor)

            # We must use add_trait instead of setattr because we inherit from
            # HasStrictTraits, but we need to then do a 'dummy' getattr call on
            # self so the class trait propagates to the instance.
            self.add_trait(s,section)
            getattr(self,s)

        if monitor:
            #print 'Adding monitor to:',self.__class__.__name__  # dbg
            self.on_trait_change(monitor)
    
00443     def __repr__(self,depth=0):
        """Dump a section to a string."""

        indent = '    '*(depth)

        top_name = self.__class__.__name__

        if depth == 0:
            label = '# %s - plaintext (in .conf format)\n' % top_name
        else:
            # Section titles are indented one level less than their contents in
            # the ConfigObj write methods.
            sec_indent = '    '*(depth-1)
            label = '\n'+sec_indent+('[' * depth) + top_name + (']'*depth)

        out = [label]

        doc = self.__class__.__doc__
        if doc is not None:
            out.append(comment(dedent(doc),indent))

        scalars, sections = partition_instance(self)

        for s,v in scalars:
            try:
                info = self.__base_traits__[s].handler.info()
                # Get a short version of info with lines of max. 78 chars, so
                # that after commenting them out (with '# ') they are at most
                # 80-chars long.
                out.append(comment(wrap('',info.replace('\n', ' '),78-len(indent)),indent))
            except (KeyError,AttributeError):
                pass
            out.append(indent+('%s = %r' % (s,v)))

        for sname,sec in sections:
            out.append(sec.__repr__(depth+1))

        return '\n'.join(out)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.__class__.__name__


##############################################################################
# High-level class(es) and utilities for handling a coupled pair of TConfig and
# ConfigObj instances.
##############################################################################

00491 def path_to_root(obj):
    """Find the path to the root of a nested TConfig instance."""
    ob = obj
    path = []
    while ob._tconf_parent is not None:
        path.append(ob.__class__.__name__)
        ob = ob._tconf_parent
    path.reverse()
    return path


00502 def set_value(fconf,path,key,value):
    """Set a value on a ConfigObj instance, arbitrarily deep."""
    section = fconf
    for sname in path:
        section = section.setdefault(sname,{})
    section[key] = value


00510 def fmonitor(fconf):
    """Make a monitor for coupling TConfig instances to ConfigObj ones.

    We must use a closure because Traits makes assumptions about the functions
    used with on_trait_change() that prevent the use of a callable instance.
    """
    
    def mon(obj,name,new):
        #print 'OBJ:',obj  # dbg
        #print 'NAM:',name # dbg
        #print 'NEW:',new  # dbg
        set_value(fconf,path_to_root(obj),name,new)
        
    return mon


00526 class TConfigManager(object):
    """A simple object to manage and sync a TConfig and a ConfigObj pair.
    """
    
00530     def __init__(self,configClass,configFilename,filePriority=True):
        """Make a new TConfigManager.

        :Parameters:
        
          configClass : class

          configFilename : string
            If the filename points to a non-existent file, it will be created
            empty.  This is useful when creating a file form from an existing
            configClass with the class defaults.


        :Keywords:

          filePriority : bool (True)

            If true, at construction time the file object takes priority and
            overwrites the contents of the config object.  Else, the data flow
            is reversed and the file object will be overwritten with the
            configClass defaults at write() time.
        """

        rconf = RecursiveConfigObj(configFilename)
        # In a hierarchical object, the two following fconfs are *very*
        # different.  In self.fconf, we'll keep the outer-most fconf associated
        # directly to the original filename.  self.fconfCombined, instead,
        # contains an object which has the combined effect of having merged all
        # the called files in the recursive chain.
        self.fconf = rconf.comp[0]
        self.fconfCombined = rconf.conf

        # Create a monitor to track and apply trait changes to the tconf
        # instance over into the fconf one
        monitor = fmonitor(self.fconf)
        
        if filePriority:
            self.tconf = configClass(self.fconfCombined,monitor=monitor)
        else:
            # Push defaults onto file object
            self.tconf = configClass(mkConfigObj(None),monitor=monitor)
            self.fconfUpdate(self.fconf,self.tconf)

00573     def fconfUpdate(self,fconf,tconf):
        """Update the fconf object with the data from tconf"""

        scalars, sections = partition_instance(tconf)

        for s,v in scalars:
            fconf[s] = v

        for secname,sec in sections:
            self.fconfUpdate(fconf.setdefault(secname,{}),sec)

00584     def write(self,filename=None):
        """Write out to disk.

        This method writes out only to the top file in a hierarchical
        configuration, which means that the class defaults and other values not
        explicitly set in the top level file are NOT written out.

        :Keywords:
        
          filename : string (None)
            If given, the output is written to this file, otherwise the
            .filename attribute of the top-level configuration object is used.
        """
        if filename is not None:
            fileObj = open(filename,'w')
            out = self.fconf.write(fileObj)
            fileObj.close()
            return out
        else:
            return self.fconf.write()

00605     def writeAll(self,filename=None):
        """Write out the entire configuration to disk.

        This method, in contrast with write(), updates the .fconfCombined
        object with the *entire* .tconf instance, and then writes it out to
        disk.  This method is thus useful for generating files that have a
        self-contained, non-hierarchical file.

        :Keywords:
        
          filename : string (None)
            If given, the output is written to this file, otherwise the
            .filename attribute of the top-level configuration object is used.
        """
        if filename is not None:
            fileObj = open(filename,'w')
            self.fconfUpdate(self.fconfCombined,self.tconf)
            out = self.fconfCombined.write(fileObj)
            fileObj.close()
            return out
        else:
            self.fconfUpdate(self.fconfCombined,self.tconf)
            return self.fconfCombined.write()

    def tconfStr(self):
        return str(self.tconf)

    def fconfStr(self):
        return configObj2Str(self.fconf)

    __repr__ = __str__ = fconfStr

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