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# make plot of etopo bathymetry/topography data on
# lambert conformal conic map projection, drawing coastlines, state and
# country boundaries, and parallels/meridians.

# the data is interpolated to the native projection grid.
import os
from mpl_toolkits.basemap import Basemap, shiftgrid
from pylab import title, colorbar, show, axes, cm, load, arange, figure, \

# read in topo data (on a regular lat/lon grid)
# longitudes go from 20 to 380.
# you can get this data from matplolib svn matplotlib/htdocs/screenshots/data/
datadir = '/home/jdhunter/python/svn/matplotlib/trunk/htdocs/screenshots/data/'
if not os.path.exists(datadir):
    raise SystemExit('You need to download the data with svn co https://matplotlib.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/matplotlib/trunk/htdocs/screenshots/data/" and set the datadir variable in %s'%__file__)

topoin = load(os.path.join(datadir, 'etopo20data.gz'))
lons = load(os.path.join(datadir, 'etopo20lons.gz'))
lats = load(os.path.join(datadir, 'etopo20lats.gz'))
# shift data so lons go from -180 to 180 instead of 20 to 380.
topoin,lons = shiftgrid(180.,topoin,lons,start=False)

# setup of basemap ('lcc' = lambert conformal conic).
# use major and minor sphere radii from WGS84 ellipsoid.
m = Basemap(llcrnrlon=-145.5,llcrnrlat=1.,urcrnrlon=-2.566,urcrnrlat=46.352,\
# transform to nx x ny regularly spaced native projection grid
nx = int((m.xmax-m.xmin)/40000.)+1; ny = int((m.ymax-m.ymin)/40000.)+1
topodat,x,y = m.transform_scalar(topoin,lons,lats,nx,ny,returnxy=True)
# create the figure.
# add an axes, leaving room for colorbar on the right.
ax = fig.add_axes([0.1,0.1,0.7,0.7])
# plot image over map with imshow.
im = m.imshow(topodat,cm.jet)
# setup colorbar axes instance.
# for matplotlib 0.91 and earlier, could do l,b,w,h = ax.get_position()
# for post 0.91, pos = ax.get_position(); l,b,w,h = pos.bounds
# this works for both.
pos = ax.get_position()
l, b, w, h = getattr(pos, 'bounds', pos)
cax = axes([l+w+0.075, b, 0.05, h])
colorbar(cax=cax) # draw colorbar
axes(ax)  # make the original axes current again
# plot blue dot on boulder, colorado and label it as such.
xpt,ypt = m(-104.237,40.125)
# draw coastlines and political boundaries.
# draw parallels and meridians.
# label on left, right and bottom of map.
parallels = arange(0.,80,20.)
meridians = arange(10.,360.,30.)
# set title.
title('ETOPO Topography - Lambert Conformal Conic')

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